Transparent perovskite light emitting diodes on sapphire substrate with scaled emission area for injection of ultrahigh current densities.

© Imec

Imec paves the way for perovskite laser diodes

Imec, a world-leading research and innovation hub in nanoelectronics and digital technologies, presents a perovskite LED stack, emitting light a thousand times brighter than state-of-the-art OLEDs. This result, published in January’s Nature Photonics, is a pivotal milestone towards a perovskite injection laser, promising exciting applications in image projection, environmental sensing, medical diagnostics, and beyond.

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have revolutionised modern lighting and sensing technology. From applications in our homes to industry, LEDs are used for all lighting applications, from indoor lighting over TV screens to biomedicine. Widely used organic LEDs (OLEDs) today, for example in smartphone screens, employ organic thin-film materials as a semiconductor. However, their maximum brightness remains limited; just think of trying to read your smartphone screen on a very sunny day.

Beyond solar cells

Meanwhile, perovskites – a class of materials with a specific crystal structure – are proving their worth beyond solar cells. With excellent optoelectrical properties, low-cost processability and efficient charge transport, these materials have emerged in the last ten years as interesting candidates for light emission applications, such as LEDs.

However, while perovskites can withstand very high current densities, laser operation with the emission of high-intensity coherent light has not been reached yet. “In the ULTRA-LUX project, imec showed for the first time a PeLED architecture with low optical losses and pumped these PeLEDs to current densities that support the stimulated emission of light,” explained Prof. Paul Heremans, who is an imec senior fellow and principal investigator of the project. “This novel architecture of transport layers, transparent electrodes and perovskite as the semiconductor active material, can operate at electrical current densities tens of thousands of times higher (3 kA cm-2) than conventional OLEDs can.”

Towards high-power thin-film laser diodes

“With this architecture, imec enhanced amplified spontaneous emission, with an electrical assist of the conventional optical pumping. By doing so, imec demonstrated that electrical injection contributes 13 percent to the total amount of stimulated emission and thus approaches the threshold to achieve a thin-film injection laser,” stated Robert Gehlhaar, imec project manager. “Reaching this landmark milestone towards high-power thin-film laser diodes is paving the way to exciting new applications of thin-film perovskite lasers.”

The findings are published in Nature Photonics ‘Electrically Assisted Amplified Spontaneous Emission in Perovskite Light Emitting Diodes’. The ULTRA-LUX project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No.835133) with an Advanced Grant to Prof. Paul Heremans and is ongoing until September 30th, 2024.

Caption: Transparent perovskite light emitting diodes on sapphire substrate with scaled emission area for injection of ultrahigh current densities

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